What is Amelogenesis Imperfecta? Do I Have it?
Amelogenesis imperfecta is a genetic condition that causes the teeth to be abnormally small, discolored, grooved, and prone to wear and breakage. It affects the enamel on the teeth, causing the teeth to form abnormally.
Although this condition is rare, there are several different forms of amelogenesis imperfecta and they are determined by their specific abnormalities and pattern of inheritance.
Causes of Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Amelogenesis imperfecta is the result of a mutation in the AMELX, ENAM, MMP20, or FAM83H gene. In other words, it is something you’re born with and is passed down through families as a dominant trait. One of your parents would need to pass down the abnormal gene in order for you to develop the condition.
Amelogenesis Imperfecta Symptoms
When you have amelogenesis imperfecta it may appear as though you have soft teeth because the enamel on your teeth is very soft and thin. The teeth are usually abnormal shapes and appear to be yellow and discolored. If you have this condition, both your baby and adult teeth would have been affected.
Treatments for the Condition
Depending on the severity of the condition your dentist may suggest full crowns to improve the appearance of your teeth and to protect them. Other things such as having a diet that is low in sugar and practicing good dental hygiene can protect your teeth from cavities and permanent damage.
These treatment options are often successful in protecting the teeth. If left untreated the teeth and enamel will be prone to breaks and other damage. This damage can be painful and will affect the overall appearance of the teeth.
If you believe you or a loved one may have amelogenesis imperfecta, schedule an appointment to speak to your dentist.